The religious right today, when it argues against gay rights laws, often makes a similar claim: that these laws deny conservative Christians the right to exist unmolested by the law. They claim that their attacks on gay rights laws are defensive. Defensive claims are more rhetorically effective than offensive claims. That’s why one so often encounters the preposterous claim that same-sex marriage violates religious liberty, because conservative churches will be required to celebrate them. The claim is preposterous because the state has never required the Catholic church to celebrate remarriages after divorce, or Orthodox rabbis to celebrate marriages between Jews and non-Jews.